Authority says that the record growth was driven by container handling (up 5.6%) and liquid bulk (up 5.4%). The other side of the coin is the contracting volume of breakbulk (down 3.3%) and dry bulk (down 4.9%). The container trade shows growth, both in tonnes and in number of boxes. The number of standard containers (twenty-foot equivalent units) rose by 4.5% to 8.96 million TEU. Tonnage was also up 5.6%, reaching 108.1 million tonnes.
The ro/ro volume, however, was down by 1.2% to 4.51 million tonnes. According to the Authority, the figures are mainly due to a decrease in the number of cars handled. By the end of this year its is expected that 1.2 million cars will have been shipped in and out of the port of Antwerp, 7.8% fewer than in 2013. The lower volume is due among other things to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, the unrest in the Middle East and the poor economic situation in Argentina and Brazil, all of which are important markets for second-hand cars.
Conventional breakbulk for its part was down by 3.3% and is expected to total 9.75 million tonnes for the year as a whole. The liquid bulk volume expanded over the past 12 months by 5.4% to 62.7 million tonnes. Exports of liquid bulk in particular rose by 17.8%. The dry bulk volume contracted by 4.9% to 13.67 million tonnes.
This continued downward trend is caused by the decline in coal imports, due mainly to the closure of various coal-fired power stations in the immediate hinterland of the port. The Authority believes that this trend is not expected to reverse anytime soon. During the past 12 months 13,978 seagoing ships called at the port of Antwerp, 1.7% fewer than in the previous year. On the other hand the gross tonnage was up by 1.5% to 334.68 million GT.
The number of ULCS (ultra-large container ships of 10,000 TEU or more) is expected to reach 265 this year, 67 more than in 2013. The growth is particularly marked in the category of 13,000 TEU and more, with 80 of these giant container carriers calling at Antwerp this year.